Open Energy Glossary¶
This glossary is generated automatically from the google sheet here
- Advisory Group¶
AG - Open Energy has two advisory groups that support consultation and guidance of activities during phase 3 of the project. The groups cover membership and delivery.
- Application programming interface¶
API - A computing interface determining how different software intermediaries interact (e.g. how requests can be made, data formats etc.).
AuthN - See terminology page assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
AuthZ - See terminology page assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy¶
BEIS - Government department, also responsible for the Smart Data programme of work. OE3 co-funder.
- Committee on Climate Change¶
CCC - no definition
- Centre for Digital Built Britain¶
CDBB - no definition
- Centre for Data Ethics and Innovation¶
CDEI - no definition
- Combined Heat and Power¶
CHP - CHP generates electricity whilst also capturing usable heat that is produced in this process. As a result, CHP operates at much higher efficiency than traditional power generation methods.
- Common Information Model¶
CIM - An open, standardised method of representing computing devices and energy network asset types, and the relationships between them. www.theade.co.uk: what-is-combined-heat-and-power
- Competition and Markets Authority¶
CMA - Competition policy and regulation, includes digital markets
- Data and Communications Company¶
DCC - The ‘central communications body appointed to manage communications and data transfer for smart metering. It is responsible for linking smart meters in homes and small businesses with the systems of energy suppliers, network operators and other companies.’ www.ofgem.gov.uk: 126045
- Distributed energy resources¶
DER - A term used to describe a combination of distributed generation and flexibility resources in the electricity system (e.g. solar PV, EVs, biogas, heat pumpts, batteries).
- Distribution Future Energy Scenarios¶
DFES - Planning tools used by DNOs and GDNs, containing a range of possible views of the future. Also an ODI Leeds project: odileeds.org: dfes/
- Data Governance Act¶
DGA - European regulatory proposal. ‘The proposal is the first of a set of measures announced in the 2020 European strategy for data. The instrument aims to foster the availability of data for use by increasing trust in data intermediaries and by strengthening data-sharing mechanisms across the EU.’ ec.europa.eu: proposal-regulation-european-data-governance-data-governance-act
- Distribution Network Operator¶
DNO - Responsible for regional electricity distribution (lower voltage).
- Data Provider¶
DP - Organisation providing data into the OE ecosystem
- Data subject¶
DS - As defined by GDPR assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Distribution System Operator¶
DSO - In the UK, electricity DNOs are transitioning to become DSOs in response to electricity system changes (e.g. decentralisation, decarbonisation). The transition will change DNO responsibilities, broadening these from asset/network management. The term DSO is also commonly used outside of the UK.
- Demand-side response¶
DSR - The act of shifting energy demand in order to relieve pressure on the grid, or consume excess power. e.g. industrial processes may be slowed down or turned off at times of peak demand to reduce grid constraints.
- Enterprise Asset Management System¶
EASM - Technological system used to manage an entity’s assets (data, physical, human) and processes.
- Electric charging station¶
ECS - Charging station for electric vehicles
- Energy Data Best Practice¶
EDBP - Guidance laid out by the Modernising Energy Data consortium. modernisingenergydata.atlassian.net: Data+Best+Practice+latest+release+v0.21
- Energy Data Service Provider¶
EDSP - An EDSP is a type of TPP operating within the OE ecosystem. EDSPs operate within a competitive market.
- Energy Data Taskforce¶
EDTF - Comissioned by the ESC and chaired by Laura Sandys. Reported in 2019 - source of Presumed Open and data triage. The report’s 5 recommendations provided a significant steer to sector data policy.
EEBUS - A standard-development project aiming to define a standardised language for the energy Internet of Things www.eebus.org: what-is-eebus/
- Energy Systems Capatult.¶
ESC - no definition
- Electricity System Operator¶
ESO - Responsible for system operation and balancing. National ‘control room’. Role carried out by National Grid ESO (a separate company within the National Grid Group - not connected to the electricity TSO).
- Electric vehicle¶
EV - no definition
- Electric vehicle supply equipment¶
EVSE - Another term for electric vehicle charging stations and related equipment
- Future Energy Scenarios¶
FES - Planning tools used by National Grid ESO, containing a range of future scenarios. www.nationalgrideso.com: future-energy-scenarios
- Feed-in tariff¶
FIT - Tariff previously offered to small-scale and microgeneration for export of electricity to the grid. No longer taking new customers in the UK (new microgeneration is now offered an export tariff through the building’s electricity supplier)
- Gas Distribution Network¶
GDN - Responsible for regional gas distribution (lower pressure).
- General Data Protection Regulation¶
GDPR - Incorporated in UK law under the Data Protection Act 2018 (DPA 2018)
- Geographical Information System¶
GIS - Framework for capturing, recording and displaying spatial data.
- Gas System Operator¶
GSO - Responsible for system operation and balancing. National ‘control room’. Role carried out by National Grid Gas Plc (a separate company within the National Grid Group who also own the gas transmission network).
GW - Unit of power equal to 1 billion watts.
- Home Energy Management System¶
HEMS - A combination of sensors, metering, and data analytics designed to optimise energy usage within a building to maximise factors such as bills-reduction or comfort. Often used to optimise microgeneration, home battery, EV, domestic consumption and grid export.
- Half hourly meter¶
HH - no definition
- Industrial and commercial¶
I&C - Accronym commonly used in the energy sector to refer to non-domestic actors - particularly heavy industry and other high-consumption actors.
- Information Commissioner’s Office¶
ICO - Data protection regulator
- Industrial Computing System¶
ICS - no definition
ID - See terminology page assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Independent Distribution Network Operator¶
iDNO - IDNOs own and operate smaller networks located within the areas covered by the DNOs. IDNO networks are mainly extensions to the DNO networks serving new housing and commercial developments. www.ofgem.gov.uk: independent-distribution-network-operators
- Internet of Things¶
IoT - A catch-all term used to refer to connected devices - e.g. fridges, washing machines, speakers etc.
- Independent System Operator¶
ISO - There is currently a proposal, backed by Ofgem, to convert the ESO to an ISO. The proposal advocates this change in order to meet new requirements of system operation oriented towards achieving Net Zero. The change would involve some change in the ESO’s structure, responsibilities and relationship to other bodies in the sector.
- Kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent (per unit of fuel)¶
kgCO2e - A measure of greenhouse gas conversion from energy sources.
kW - Unit of power equal to 1 thousand watts. www.ofgem.gov.uk: ofgem_-_review_of_gb_energy_system_operation_0.pdf
- Kilowatt hour¶
kWh - A unit of measurement (3,500 Joules) equivalent to using a 1,000 Watt appliance for 1 hour.
- Know Your Customer¶
KYC - Borrowed from banking/fraud - common among businesses to describe all aspects of licensing / permissions management for data consumers. (Definition provided by AG member)
- Lawful basis¶
LB - As defined by GDPR assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Legitimate interest¶
LI - As defined by GDPR assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Machine to machine¶
M2M - no definition
- Modernising Energy Data¶
MED - Consists of Ofgem, BEIS and Innovate UK. OE3 funders.
- Multi Factor Authorisation¶
MFA - Commonly used security feature - e.g. password and one-time passcode via text/email
- Minimum Viable Product¶
MVP - An early version of a product for initial release, potentially with limited features or space for future development.
MW - Unit of power equal to 1 million watts.
- National Cyber Security Centre¶
NCSC - “The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) provides cyber security guidance and support helping to make the UK the safest place to live and work online.” www.ncsc.gov.uk:/
- National Infrastructure Commission¶
NIC - no definition
- Open Authorization 2¶
OAuth2 - Industry standard protocol for authorization assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Open Data Institute¶
ODI - Non-profit organisation aiming to build a trustworthy open data ecosystem theodi.org:/
- Open Energy Phase 3¶
OE3 - The current phase of Open Energy’s development running from February - July 2021.
- Open Energy Governance Platform¶
OEGP - The technical and governance architecture backing OE’s trust framework in which data is shared.
- Office for Gas and Electricity Markets¶
Ofgem - Energy sector regulator. OE3 co-funder.
- Open ID Connect¶
OIDC - An identity layer on top of OAuth2.0 protocol openid.net: connect/
- Ordanance Survey¶
OS - Repository of geospatial data
- One time passcode¶
OTP - A mechanism for customer login / part of two-step authorisation
- Office for Zero Emissions Vehicles¶
OZEV - no definition
- Peer to peer¶
P2P - Communications and energy supply. A mechanism for organising trade/exchange of goods or services directly between peers, without an intermediary body. Can be, but is not always, supported by a technology platform.
- Pay As You Go¶
PAYG - no definition
- Purchase Power Agreement¶
PPA - An electricity supply agreement between two parties - e.g. generator and trader.
- Photovoltaic (cells/panels)¶
PV - Mechanism of generating renewable electricity - solar power.
- Renewable Heat Incentive¶
RHI - Government-funded financial incentive to support uptake of renewable heat. www.ofgem.gov.uk: about-domestic-rhi
- Revenues = Incentives + Innovation + Outputs¶
RIIO - Ofgem’s regulatory framework for network companies, negotiated every 5 years.
- Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition¶
SCADA - A software and hardware system enabling remote monitoring and control, usually of industrial-scale equipment
- Smart Energy Code¶
SEC - “The Smart Energy Code (SEC) is a multi-Party agreement which defines the rights and obligations of energy suppliers, network operators and other relevant parties involved in the end to end management of smart metering in Great Britain.” smartenergycodecompany.co.uk:/
- Smart Export Guarantee¶
SEG - “an obligation set by the government for licensed electricity suppliers to offer a tariff and make payment to small-scale low-carbon generators for electricity exported to the National Grid, providing certain criteria are met.” www.ofgem.gov.uk: about-smart-export-guarantee-seg
- Steering Group¶
SG - Open Energy has a high-level steering group that supports consultation and guidance of activities during phase 3 of the project.
- Smart Metering Equipment Technical Specifications¶
SMETS - SMETS describe the specifications of UK smart meters. Two generations of smart meters have been released to date - SMETS1 and SMETS2. www.ovoenergy.com: smets-1-and-2-new-smart-meter-generation.html
- Single sign-on¶
SSO - A mechanism allowing federated access and re-use of the same credentials to logon to different services/sites. assets.publishing.service.gov.uk: Dgen_and_BEIS_-_Smart_Data_-_Consent.pdf
- Time of use¶
TOU - Energy supply tariff offering variable pricing depending on the time of day energy is used and the demand on the grid at that point in time.
- Third Party Intermediary¶
TPI - A defined form of TPP recognised and operating in the energy sector. www.ofgem.gov.uk: third-party-intermediaries-tpi-programme
- Third party provider¶
TPP - A third party providing services - generic term used across sectors.
- Transmission System Owner¶
TSO - Owner of the national electricity and gas transmission networks (higher voltage/pressure).
- Vehicle to grid¶
V2G - Bidirectional power flow between the grid and an EV battery. Enables EV owners to discharge power stored in batteries to the grid at times of need.
- Virtual power plant¶
VPP - A digitally-connected set of distributed energy resources that can be aggregated to provide services (e.g. trading, generation)
- X as as Service¶
XaaS - Generic term used to refer to various items (e.g. software, platforms, heat, mobility etc) that are being offered via ‘as a service’ business models.